IT IS FINISHED
John 19:16b-42, Key Verse: 19:30
1. Read verses 16b-18. What was Pilate’s decision? What happened after that? Describe the crucifixion scene and the pain and shame Jesus suffered. What did Jesus’ crucifixion mean from God’s point of view? (Jn 1:29; 20:31)
19 (16) Finally Pilate handed him over to them to be crucified. So the soldiers took charge of Jesus. (17)Carrying his own cross, he went out to the place of the Skull (which in Aramaic is called Golgotha). (18)Here they crucified him, and with him two others--one on each side and Jesus in the middle.
Jn 1(29)The next day John saw Jesus coming toward him and said, "Look, the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world!
Jn 20 (31)But these are written that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that by believing you may have life in his name.
2. Read verses 19-22. What was Pilate’s testimony? What does it mean that he is “Jesus of Nazareth”? “King of the Jews”? Why did the Jews object?
(19)Pilate had a notice prepared and fastened to the cross. It read: JESUS OF NAZARETH, THE KING OF THE JEWS.
(20)Many of the Jews read this sign, for the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city, and the sign was written in Aramaic, Latin and Greek. (21)The chief priests of the Jews protested to Pilate, "Do not write 'The King of the Jews,' but that this man claimed to be king of the Jews." (22)Pilate answered, "What I have written, I have written."
3. Read verses 23-24. What did the soldiers do? How did John view their actions? (24; Ps 22:18) What does this teach about God?
(23)When the soldiers crucified Jesus, they took his clothes, dividing them into four shares, one for each of them, with the undergarment remaining. This garment was seamless, woven in one piece from top to bottom. (24)"Let's not tear it," they said to one another. "Let's decide by lot who will get it." This happened that the scripture might be fulfilled which said, "They divided my garments among them and cast lots for my clothing." So this is what the soldiers did.
Ps 22 (18)They divide my garments among them and cast lots for my clothing.
4. Read verses 25-27. Who stood near the cross? What do we know about them? (Lk 8:2,3) Think about his mother’s pain (Lk 2:35). What did he say to his mother and to John? Why?
(25)Near the cross of Jesus stood his mother, his mother's sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene. (26)When Jesus saw his mother there, and the disciple whom he loved standing nearby, he said to his mother, "Dear woman, here is your son," (27)and to the disciple, "Here is your mother." From that time on, this disciple took her into his home.
Lk 8 (2)and also some women who had been cured of evil spirits and diseases: Mary (called Magdalene) from whom seven demons had come out; (3)Joanna the wife of Cuza, the manager of Herod's household; Susanna; and many others. These women were helping to support them out of their own means.
Lk 2 (35)so that the thoughts of many hearts will be revealed. And a sword will pierce your own soul too."
5. Read verses 28-30. What does Jesus’ cry, “I am thirsty” reveal about him? What does he mean by “It is finished”? In what sense was his death a victory? What does this mean to us that Jesus finished his mission?
(28)Later, knowing that all was now completed, and so that the Scripture would be fulfilled, Jesus said, "I am thirsty." (29)A jar of wine vinegar was there, so they soaked a sponge in it, put the sponge on a stalk of the hyssop plant, and lifted it to Jesus' lips. (30)When he had received the drink, Jesus said, "It is finished." With that, he bowed his head and gave up his spirit.
6. Read verses 31-37. Why did the soldiers break the legs of the two men, but not Jesus? What did the flow of blood and water mean? What is the writer’s relationship to these events? What important details does he note?
(31)Now it was the day of Preparation, and the next day was to be a special Sabbath. Because the Jews did not want the bodies left on the crosses during the Sabbath, they asked Pilate to have the legs broken and the bodies taken down.
(32)The soldiers therefore came and broke the legs of the first man who had been crucified with Jesus, and then those of the other. (33)But when they came to Jesus and found that he was already dead, they did not break his legs. (34)Instead, one of the soldiers pierced Jesus' side with a spear, bringing a sudden flow of blood and water. (35)The man who saw it has given testimony, and his testimony is true. He knows that he tells the truth, and he testifies so that you also may believe. (36)These things happened so that the scripture would be fulfilled: "Not one of his bones will be broken," (37)and, as another scripture says, "They will look on the one they have pierced."
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